Solved Examples (Analogies)

Directions: Each question below consists of a related pair of words or phrases, followed four or five pairs of words or phrases labeled A through D/E. Select the pair that best expresses a relationship similar to that expressed in the original pair.

1

IRON : BLACKSMITH ::

  1. Cotton : Cloth
  2. Food : Gourmet
  3. Clay : Potter
  4. Silver : Miner
  5. Gold : Miser

(C). A BLACKSMITH uses IRON to make things.
A __________ uses ________ to make things.

2

FISH : SCALES ::

  1. Book : Papers
  2. Snake : Fangs
  3. Birds : Feather
  4. Car : Wheels
  5. Cat : Claws

(C). FISH is covered by SCALES.
__________ is covered by _________.

3

NOSE : SMELL ::

  1. Tongue : Speak
  2. Foot : Hit
  3. Hand : Finger
  4. Teeth : Chew
  5. Eye : Lid

(D). Function of NOSE is to SMELL.
Function of _________ is to _________.

4

COLLAGE : IMAGES ::

  1. Cement : Building
  2. Medley : Songs
  3. Furniture : Sofa
  4. Grains : Tree
  5. Book : Volumes

(B). IMAGES are composed of COLLAGE.
_________ are composed of _________.

5

SKETCH : ARTIST ::

  1. Secret : Confident
  2. Cell : Prisoner
  3. Palette : Painter
  4. Draft : Writer
  5. Lawyer : Court room

(D). An ARTIST makes SKETCH before final work.
An _________ makes _________ before final work.

Some High Frequency Relations

Object and Function:

KNIFE : CUT ::

  1. Winter : Summer
  2. Sword : Sharp
  3. Run : Fast
  4. Drill : Hole

(D). The function of Knife is to Cut. Similarly, the function of a Drill is to make Hole.

Class and Member:

FISH : TROUT ::

  1. Hair : Black
  2. Bird : Aviary
  3. Tiger : Carnivorous
  4. Mammal : Cow

(D). Trout is a member of class Fish. Similarly, Cow is a member of class Mammal.

Part to Part:

GILL : FIN ::

  1. Cockroach : Antenna
  2. Instrument : Pencil
  3. Hard Disk : Keyboard
  4. Bread : Butter

(C). As Gills and Fins are parts of a fish, so Hard Disk and Keyboard are parts of a computer.

Part to Whole:

FISH : SCHOOL ::

  1. Puppy : Dog
  2. Novel : Story
  3. Cocks : Pride
  4. Ear : Nose

(C). A School is a group of Fish, so as Pride is group of Cocks.

Defining the Characteristics:

COUNSELOR : ADVICE ::

  1. Artist : Musician
  2. Patron : Support
  3. Honesty : Charity
  4. Bank : Banker

(B). A Counselor provides Advice. Similarly, Patron provides Support.

Cause and Effect:

RACE : FATIGUE ::

  1. Fasting : Hunger
  2. Round : Boxing
  3. Flower : Color
  4. Hiking : Gangrene

(A). Race causes Fatigue, as Fasting causes Hunger.

Work Style:

STRUT : WALK ::

  1. Sweating : Wrestling
  2. Hunter : Fire
  3. Speech : Stage
  4. Stammer : Talk

(D). To Strut is a style of Walking. Similarly, Stammer is a style of Talking.

Synonyms:

INDUSTRIOUS : HARDWORKING ::

  1. Sky : Blue
  2. Muddy : Unclear
  3. Book : Reading
  4. Pond : Lake

(B). Industrious is the synonym of Hardworking, as Muddy is the synonym of Unclear.

Antonyms:

SCHOLAR : IGNORANT ::

  1. Hardworking : Lazy
  2. Knife : Sword
  3. Courage : Bold
  4. Luxury : Wealth

(A). Ignorant is the antonym of Scholar, as Lazy is the antonym of Hardworking.

Intensity:

COOL : FROZEN ::

  1. Sharp : Cut
  2. Warm : Hot
  3. Hassock : Stool
  4. Freedom : Liberty

(B). Cool and Frozen differ in intensity; similarly, Warm and Hot differ in intensity.