In the name of ALLAH, the most beneficient, the most merciful

Solved Examples (Analogies)

Examples (Analogies)

Directions: Each question below consists of a related pair of words or phrases, followed four or five pairs of words or phrases labeled A through D/E. Select the pair that best expresses a relationship similar to that expressed in the original pair.

  1. IRON : BLACKSMITH ::

    1. Cotton : Cloth
    2. Food : Gourmet
    3. Clay : Potter
    4. Silver : Miner
    5. Gold : Miser
    (C). A BLACKSMITH uses IRON to make things. A __________ uses ________ to make things.
  2. FISH : SCALES ::

    1. Book : Papers
    2. Snake : Fangs
    3. Birds : Feather
    4. Car : Wheels
    5. Cat : Claws
    (C). FISH is covered by SCALES. __________ is covered by _________.
  3. NOSE : SMELL ::

    1. Tongue : Speak
    2. Foot : Hit
    3. Hand : Finger
    4. Teeth : Chew
    5. Eye : Lid
    (D). Function of NOSE is to SMELL. Function of _________ is to _________.
  4. COLLAGE : IMAGES ::

    1. Cement : Building
    2. Medley : Songs
    3. Furniture : Sofa
    4. Grains : Tree
    5. Book : Volumes
    (B). IMAGES are composed of COLLAGE. _________ are composed of _________.
  5. SKETCH : ARTIST ::

    1. Secret : Confident
    2. Cell : Prisoner
    3. Palette : Painter
    4. Draft : Writer
    5. Lawyer : Court room
    (D). An ARTIST makes SKETCH before final work. A/An _________ makes _________ before final work.

Some High Frequency Relations

  1. Object and Function

    KNIFE : CUT ::

    1. Winter : Summer
    2. Sword : Sharp
    3. Run : Fast
    4. Drill : Hole
    (D). The function of Knife is to Cut. Similarly, the function of a Drill is to make Hole.
  2. Class and Member

    FISH : TROUT ::

    1. Hair : Black
    2. Bird : Aviary
    3. Tiger : Carnivorous
    4. Mammal : Cow
    (D). Trout is a member of class Fish. Similarly, Cow is a member of class Mammal.
  3. Part to Part

    GILL : FIN ::

    1. Cockroach : Antenna
    2. Instrument : Pencil
    3. Hard Disk : Keyboard
    4. Bread : Butter
    (C). As Gills and Fins are parts of a fish, so Hard Disk and Keyboard are parts of a computer.
  4. Part to Whole

    FISH : SCHOOL ::

    1. Puppy : Dog
    2. Novel : Story
    3. Cocks : Pride
    4. Ear : Nose
    (C). A School is a group of Fish, so as Pride is group of Cocks.
  5. Defining the Characteristics

    COUNSELOR : ADVICE ::

    1. Artist : Musician
    2. Patron : Support
    3. Honesty : Charity
    4. Bank : Banker
    (B). A Counselor provides Advice. Similarly, Patron provides Support.
  6. Cause and Effect

    RACE : FATIGUE ::

    1. Fasting : Hunger
    2. Round : Boxing
    3. Flower : Color
    4. Hiking : Gangrene
    (A). Race causes Fatigue, as Fasting causes Hunger.
  7. Work Style

    STRUT : WALK ::

    1. Sweating : Wrestling
    2. Hunter : Fire
    3. Speech : Stage
    4. Stammer : Talk
    (D). To Strut is a style of Walking. Similarly, Stammer is a style of Talking.
  8. Synonyms

    INDUSTRIOUS : HARDWORKING ::

    1. Sky : Blue
    2. Muddy : Unclear
    3. Book : Reading
    4. Pond : Lake
    (B). Industrious is the synonym of Hardworking, as Muddy is the synonym of Unclear.
  9. Antonyms

    SCHOLAR : IGNORANT ::

    1. Hardworking : Lazy
    2. Knife : Sword
    3. Courage : Bold
    4. Luxury : Wealth
    (A). Ignorant is the antonym of Scholar, as Lazy is the antonym of Hardworking.
  10. Intensity

    COOL : FROZEN ::

    1. Sharp : Cut
    2. Warm : Hot
    3. Hassock : Stool
    4. Freedom : Liberty
    (B). Cool and Frozen differ in intensity; similarly, Warm and Hot differ in intensity.

Solved Examples