Sentence Completion

Sentence Completion question tests your ability to use your vocabulary and understanding of logical composition of the sentence. You need to know not only the dictionary meaning but also the logical and stylistic sense of the sentence.

Sentences are composed of a number of words and ideas that are connected to one another in various ways. You are to figure out how the parts of the sentence are connected.

Connections and Signals

Most often, some signal words or clause connect the parts of the sentence These signal words are called "indicators". Let us discuss some high frequency connections and indicators used in sentence completion section of the test.

Cause and Effect:

In this type of sentence, one part of the sentence describes something that causes something in the other part of the sentence.

Rizwana always wins the debate competition because she works _______ to prepare the topic.

  1. lazily
  2. hard
  3. continually
  4. spontaneously

B. The first part of this sentence describes something - always win the debate competition - that is caused or influenced by what's described in the second part. Think over it, "What causes to win the competition?" Only the word "hard" is the correct choice.

The two parts of the sentence are connected by the word "because" that indicates the cause and effect composition of the sentence.

Indicators for Cause and Effect

  • because
  • so
  • so that
  • causes
  • accordingly
  • thus
  • consequently
  • hence
  • therefore
  • in order to

Contrast:

In this type of sentence, one part of the sentence expresses an idea that is opposite to the idea in another part of the sentence.

Zahid looks a noble person but he always becomes __________ any good deed.

  1. supporter of
  2. obstacle for
  3. swift to do
  4. promoter for

B. Here in this example the signal word "but" indicates a contrast in the 2nd part of the sentence. Apparently, noble looking person should do wrong in the 2nd part of the sentence. Hence, the right choice is "obstacle for".

Indicators for Contrast

  • but
  • though
  • on the other hand
  • on the contrary
  • despite
  • although
  • however
  • while
  • instead of
  • still

Similarity:

In this type of sentence, one part of the sentence expresses an idea, and the other part gives the explanation, elaboration or an example of that idea.

Lahore city council representative promised that he would consider all suggestions from down town residents and that he was willing; not only to discuss his proposal, but also to ___________ it.

  1. change
  2. vanish
  3. accept
  4. disapprove

A. The structural construction of the sentence "not only ... but also" that the same idea should be in the "but also" part.

Indicators for Similarity

  • not only...but also
  • in the same way
  • like
  • similarly
  • resembles
  • in the same way
  • for example
  • for instance
  • such as
  • specifically

Restatement:

In this type of sentence, one part of the sentence rephrases or repeats what is expressed in other part of the sentence.

Just as people of Multan are doing there best to eradicate the social evils like family marriages, so the people of Bahawalpur are making efforts ___________ the penetration of foreign culture in their social norms.

  1. to absorb
  2. to accept
  3. to normalize
  4. to stop

D. The composition of "just as ... as" leads towards restatement of the idea. What the people of Multan are doing the people of Bahawalpur are doing the same thing. This is the restatement of the idea.

Indicators for Restatement

  • that is
  • just as ... as
  • in short
  • in fact

Connections and Signals
Indicators for Cause and Effect
Indicators for Contrast
Indicators for Similarity
Indicators for Restatement
Solved Examples
Practice Test 1